The more traditionally recognized form of domestic violence, battering involves an ongoing pattern of intimidation, coercion and violence and other controlling tactics to establish and maintain a relationship power and control over an intimate partner. The cycle of violence is generally tied in with this form of domestic violence.
Violence used by the victim of domestic violence to stop and or escape ongoing battering. The Victim will generally perceive her/his violence as self defense, or self-preservation.
Individuals who abuse alcohol or drugs, are suffering from mental illness or physical disorders, or have neurological damages may use violence that is related to their disease or disorder. If the disorder is causal, then when it is resolved the violence will end. It can be difficult at times to determine if a relationship is about pathological violence or a “battering” relationship is superimposed on the disorders.
Violence used against a partner to express anger, or attempt to get her/his partner to stop certain objectionable behaviors. With situational violence, both partners may use violence for the same reasons, and there is generally not an ongoing pattern of intimidation or dominance.
Anti-social violence is not restricted to a relationship, a specific individual or gender.